In this article, I would like to talk about the differences between MySQL and MySQLi. Everything you need to know about these two PHP extensions. . And how can use these to create robust PHP applications. And why you should be using the improved version of MySQL and much more.
Differences between MySQL and MySQLi
|It was added in PHP version 2.2 and later depreciated as of PHP 5.5||It is added in all versions after PHP 5.5|
|Does not support prepared statements||Does support prepared statements|
|The transactions can only be handled through SQL queries||Transactions can be handled through API|
|The security was compromised in MySQL||The security was prioritized in MySQLi|
|It has fewer debugging features||It has lots of debugging features|
|Only supports procedural interface||Supports both OOP and procedural interface|
|Stored procedures are not supported||Stored procedures are supported|
|Root directory-ext/MySQL||Root directory-ext/MySQLi|
Advantages of MySQLi over MySQL
There are plenty of benefits of using improve my SQL instead of my SQL. Because PHP has created two extensions. That works as an API but not to be exact. These 2 API options were created to use MySQL efficiently.
1 MySQLi extension
2 PDO PHP data objects
MySQL extensions were created to take advantage of new MySQL features. Which were present in new PHP versions such as 5 and above. Later on, this extension was packed along with PHP 5. The extension was built using the PHP extension framework.
Mysql API has not been offered support for many years. While Mysqli on the other hand has an active support system.
Before discussing their pro and cons. Let’s take look at them separately
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MySQL is a relational database management system that is open source. It is an old extension for PHP that supports procedural and Manual escaping. Supports SQL structured query language. There are plenty of Mysql products such as Enterprise, standard and classic. It runs on web servers and also locally. It is built for managing both small and large applications. No doubt it is the most widely used database system.
Feature of MySQL
- Mysql does not need GUI tools
- It is an RDBMS (relational database management system)
- Mysql only allows procedural uses not oop
- It is free under GPU license (separate license may be required if used commercially)
- Works on client/server architecture
- Scalable as you grow
- It is fast and Secure
Example of MySQL
<?php $mysql = mysql_connect("Hostname", "user", "password"); mysql_select_db("Example"); >
It is an extension of my SQL which is also known as my SQL improved. In Other Words, it means you can manage your database more efficiently over the servers. This extension allows PHP programmers to use it as an API. Giving developers more functionalities to perform tasks.
Features of MySQLi
- A better way of managing servers
- It can be used procedurally and through OOP
- Mysqli has an object-oriented interface
- Included with PHP 7
- It supports care sets
- supports server-side prepared statements
- Mysqli supports stored procedures
- It supports multiple statements
- Enhanced debugging and service support
Syntax of mySQLi
<?php $mysqli = mysqli_connect("Hostname", "user", "password", "database"); >
MySQL vs MySQLi
Differences between Mysqli procedural and object-oriented
There is no major difference between these two interfaces. The performance and the speed of these interfaces are quite similar. The only key differences are the way of writing code. In other words structure of programming. One follows the procedural method and the other object-oriented methods.
It’s up to you. If you have experience with OOP programming then you can go with the object-oriented interface or vice versa. However different types of projects may require a specific interface.
Apart from that, you should not mix both of these interfaces at a time. Well, it is possible to do that but it is not preferred. Because it is just the wrong way of programming and can be messy.
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How can you switch to different Mysql versions?
You can switch from the old MySQL extension to the new one. As the improved MySQL has dual interfaces. Procedural and object-oriented programming paradigm. But it is recommended to migrate to the procedural interface.
The procedural interface is very similar to the old Mysql version. In some instances, the prefix or the syntax may differ. There are some MySQL functions that require the first argument as a connection handle. Whereas in the old SQL versions it is optional in the last arguments.
If you just want to change the code to different versions. Then you can just convert the source code manually by using the find and replace feature in any standard code editor. Follow the documentation and you can do that easily. Well, it can take some time depending upon your lines of code and coding speed.
Can you use both versions at once?
Yes, you can use both of these at once for executing SQL queries. But however, you should not do that. Because you have to connect both versions to the database separately. You must also remember that Mysql is deprecated.
Also when you are working with a large amount of data it can be difficult to manage. And then the code itself looks messy. So better to not do that.
How to change Mysql versions in Xampp?
If you are using PHP in a local server using Xammp then make sure you are using a newer version. The latest versions of xampp have MySQLi enable by default. For changing you need to follow these steps.
- Open the directory phpMyAdmin in XAMPP,
- Look for a file named config.inc.php
- open the file and search for this piece of code ” $cfg[‘Servers’][$i][‘extension’] = ‘mysql’; “
- Replace mysql with mysqli.
- And then save the file.
- And Reconnent again.
I hope I have answered all the questions regarding the differences between MySQL and MySQLi. Apart from all these, there are also many other benefits of using Mysqli. It does not mean you should only learn MySQLi. As we all MySQL is the foundation of improved extension. So it does not make sense to learn mysqli without learning the traditional one.