Programming languages to learn

Top programming languages to learn in 2020[Updated]

The world of IT is constantly changing. Top programming languages have always been part of a discussion in the Software industry. Every once in a while there is a new language out.

Which makes even more confusing for many newbies. Everyone has their favourite code according to them. But it is crucially important to also know about the trends.

What is popular today may not be tomorrow. Many beginners, wanna be programmers go for the easy languages. But the catch is that the harder the language is the bigger the payoffs are.

It is all about preference which one do you like. Programming languages today have grown so much. It is intimidating for anyone who is just diving into programming.

Which programming language should I learn first?

Every programmer had this question at least once in their life. Today programming is not as easy as a cup of tea. Learning only one language wouldn’t make you a good programmer. It is equally important to learn more than one or stacks of programs.

Although this may be true, for some languages are hardcore enough that can work on all platforms. And can be of multipurpose use. But few languages work best with incorporating other languages with it.

List of top programming languages:-


Rust is a multi-paradigm systems programming language. The syntax of rust language is very similar to the C++ language. The most loved programming language consecutively for 4 years according to stackoverflow survey.

Designed to improve safety and concurrency of code. Along with maintaining high performance and memory usage. Developed especially for building large enterprises software.

Programming language Rust


Swift is a compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. Developed with objective-c language. Specially designed for developing ios devices.

This programming language is very swift as its name. Its unique features make debugging codes much easier. And because of its protocol capabilities. It is also called as Protocol-oriented programming.


It is a general-purpose programming language. Developed to work along with java and its standard library. Kotlin makes the java code more simple and precise.

It is officially supported by android development. Another feature about this language is that the code can be compiled to javascript or native code. Uniquely, it acts as the alternative of JVM.


Javascript is a language used to increase the potential of webpages. Integrated and run smoothly with almost every browses out there. Most commonly used to develop web applications and web tools.

It is a must-learn for all web developers. The demand for this language is increasing rapidly. With the help of javascript, you can make different animations and graphic designs.

javascript language


Python is an interpreted high- level language. Developed for better code readability for small and large scale programming. A dynamic program that supports multiple programming paradigms and OOP.

Python has one of the biggest libraries. Not to mention but it has seamless capabilities when it comes to development. Used for developing internet-facing applications and graphical user interface applications.


It’s a core programming language that implements OOP and class feature. As the dialogue “write once, run everywhere” which means the same code can be used in all platforms.

It is fairly like C/C++ programming languages. Mainly used for client-server web applications. The java program community is one of the biggest. Comes with different IDE that extends the use of language.


C++ is the extension of C programming language like C#. It is built upon the C language and uses most of its functions. Also using the concept of OOP and classes.

Learning C++ can be easy if you have learned C first. It is a high-level programming language. Thousands of programmers specifically use C++ for desktop applications.


Php is the language you should learn if you’re into web development. It is a server-side scripting language used along with Html/CSS. Php is covering most of the web with dynamic websites.

It is an intermediate level of programming which can be extended. Php is a powerful language with fewer efforts. This language is trendy and there are many jobs from small to big companies.


It is a server scripting language to serve dynamic webpages. Nodejs extend javascript by using its different paradigms. In addition, it is used both on the client-side or server-side.

C, C++ and javascript language are the foundation of nodejs. Highly used for creating real-time web applications. Large tech companies like IBM, Groupon, Microsoft etc use Nodejs.


Jquery is not a programming language but a javascript library. Specially designed to implement DOM elements and handle events. Jquery has the capabilities to create low-level interaction and animation.

It is built upon in javascript language. Make it very easy to navigate through the different elements and manipulate them. Very good for creating different widgets for webpages.